EVIDENCIAS DE AUTOPLAGIO ENTRE LA TESIS DE DOCTORADO Y UN TRABAJO PUBLICADO EN LA REVISTA DE LA CEPAL POR RAFEL CORREA, PRESIDENTE DE ECUADOR PRESIDENCIAL

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EVIDENCIAS DE AUTOPLAGIO ENTRE LA TESIS DE DOCTORADO Y UN TRABAJO PUBLICADO EN LA REVISTA DE LA CEPAL POR RAFEL CORREA, PRESIDENTE DE ECUADOR PRESIDENCIAL

Mensaje  studiorum el Vie Ene 10, 2014 2:57 pm

EVIDENCIAS DE AUTOPLAGIO ENTRE LA TESIS DE DOCTORADO Y UN TRABAJO PUBLICADO EN LA REVISTA DE LA CEPAL POR RAFEL CORREA, PRESIDENTE DE ECUADOR PRESIDENCIAL
SOLO HE MOSTRADO ALGUNOS  DE LOS PARRAFOS MARCADO EN LETRAS DE COLOR ROJO  Y CONTINUACION EL MISMO CONTENIDO EN LA TESIS CON  LA FUENTE NO  CITADA.
EL PAGINA EL CAZADOR  DEL PLAGIO APARECE LA TESIS COMPLETA PARA QUE PUEDA  COMPARARSE  CON  EL PRESENTE  ARTICULO PUBLICADO EN LA REVISTA DE LA CEPAL      Y ASI COMPROBAR EL AUTOPLAGIO TOTAL COMETIDO POR RAFAEL  CORREA


STRUCTURAL REFORMS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN LATIN AMERICA: A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
Rafael Correa*
Department of Economics, University “San Francisco de Quito” Quito - Ecuador


Economists have inherited from physical sciences the myth that scientific inference
is objective, and free of personal prejudice.
This is utter nonsense. All knowledge is human belief; more accurately, human opinion.
Leamer, 1983.





ABSTRACT

This paper tests the robustness of the correlation between the structural reforms and the Latin-American economic growth or its sources.   The results are notable.   Contrary to former evidence, no reform is robustly correlated with the expected sign with growth, investment, or productivity, and there is econometric evidence that some reforms, and particularly labor deregulation, are harming productivity growth. The study also finds that the time effects, if anything, were positive for the period 1987-1995, contradicting the prevailing wisdom of negative time effects justifying the poor Latin American economic performance despite the many and deep structural reforms.
Keywords:  Structural Reforms; Washington Consensus; Latin American Growth; Sensibility Analysis.

JEL Classification: O10, O29, O40, O54

* Phone:  (593) 2-2895723, ext. 433.  Fax: (593) 2-2890070  E-mail:rafaelc@mail.usfq.edu.ec
P.O. Box 17-22-20130, Quito – Ecuador.

I Introduction.
Since the mid-1980s, in the aftermath of the debt crisis, most Latin American countries began an accelerated process of liberalization and internationalization of their economies, in the line of the so-called "Washington Consensus".  
Since the mid-1980s, most Latin American countries began an accelerated process
of liberalization and internationalization of their economies in the line of the so-called "Washington Consensus".
Fuente no citada: THREE ESSAYS ON CONTEMPORANEOUS LATINAMERICAN DEVELOPMENT, Rafale Correa,  Catholic University Santiago de Guayaquil, 1987 MAITR, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1991 S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1999
However, despite many and deep structural reforms, and notwithstanding a decreasing of 1.8% in the GDP per capita during 1981-1985, the per capita economic growth during 1986-1995 was only 1.2%, whereas during the 1960s and 1970s the region reached average rates of 2.5% and 2.4%, respectively.1

In spite of this fact, several empirical studies have shown that the structural reforms have had a positive impact on the regional growth, arguing that the bad economic performance has been due to the lack of even deeper reforms, the lack of policy complementarity 2, and because of international factors.

Specifically,  using  policy  indices  representing  five  areas  of  reform  and  panel  data models, the 1997 Annual Report of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) estimated that the reforms had contributed 1.9% to the permanent growth in the region and  the  deepening  of  the  reforms  still  could  contribute  between  1.2%  and  1.6%.
Specifically, using policy indices representing five areas of reform and panel data
models, the 1997 Annual Report of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
estimated that the reforms had contributed 1.9% to the permanent growth in the region and and tthe  deepening  of  the  reforms  still  could  contribute  between  1.2%  and  1.6%.
Fuente no citada: THREE ESSAYS ON CONTEMPORANEOUS LATINAMERICAN DEVELOPMENT, Rafael Correa,  Catholic University Santiago de Guayaquil, 1987 MAITR, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1991 S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1999

According to the IDB Report, the reforms enhanced growth fundamentally through improving resources allocation, and it estimated that this factor contributed 1.7% to the permanent growth.  On the other hand, the Report found positive but modest effects on investment.   The IDB Report also found that the effects of the reforms, contrary to common  belief,  had  been  fast,  and  accordingly  they  strongly  recommended  an acceleration of the reform process.
According to the IDB Report, the reforms enhanced growth fundamentally through
improving resources allocation, and it estimated that this factor contributed 1.7% to' the permanent growth. On the other hand, the Report found positive but modest effects on investment. The IDB Report also found that the effects of the reforms, contrary to common belief, had been fast, and accordingly they strongly recommended an acceleration of the reform process.
Fuente no citada: THREE ESSAYS ON CONTEMPORANEOUS LATINAMERICAN DEVELOPMENT, Rafael Correa,  Catholic University Santiago de Guayaquil, 1987 MAITR, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1991 S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1999

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